Calendar of compulsory vaccinations of a child – pneumococcal
Parents should know the vaccination schedule and keep an eye on its dates. Before each vaccination, the child is examined by a pediatrician. When it's healthy, can be vaccinated.
The types of vaccinations in each month of a child's life are specified in calendar protective vaccinations. It consists of compulsory vaccinations, which are free, and recommended vaccinations, which are paid in Poland. There are different calendars around the world. Therefore, vaccination, which e.g.. in our country is recommended, in another it may be considered mandatory.
Compulsory vaccinations currently include vaccinations against: tuberculosis, diphtheria, whooping cough, polio (Poliomyelitis), measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus, WZW typu B (hepatitis B) and against Hib infections (Haemophilus influenzae).
Most of the free vaccines against these diseases are single vaccines. Wanting to limit the number of punctures to the child, combination vaccines can be selected, the so-called. "6 in 1" or "5 in 1". Unfortunately, parents have to pay for them.
As part of the recommended vaccinations, you can vaccinate your child against these diseases, how: rotavirus diarrhea, WZW typu A, flu, tick-borne encephalitis, chickenpox and pneumococcal infection, infection caused by meningococcus or the human papillary virus (HPV) - vaccination recommended for teenagers. In Poland, they are paid almost everywhere.
Why is it worth vaccinating
Immunity against infectious diseases can be acquired, suffering from a given disease or as a result of vaccination. If a child is not vaccinated, it may be exposed to a serious infectious disease, which, in turn, may be associated with the occurrence of serious complications, including death. It happens, that despite the vaccination, e.g.. against smallpox or rotavirus diarrhea, the child is ill. Usually, however, in such situations it passes gently and without complications.
Complications after vaccinations are incomparably less frequent than after diseases. You mustn't forget, that vaccinations not only protect the vaccinated child against serious diseases, but also of great importance in protecting against illnesses people in the child's environment: siblings, grandparents and everyone, with which it comes into contact. Child, which is not vaccinated, may get sick, and if he doesn't get sick, can transmit microorganisms, and thus become dangerous to many other people, for various reasons having weaker immunity (e.g.. small children, chronically ill children and adults, e.g.. for the kidneys or liver).
Possible fever after vaccination
Swelling or redness may appear at the injection site and persist for several days. An infant may also react to a vaccine with an elevated temperature. So you have to watch the baby, and if the temperature measured in the bottom is higher than 38 st. C, give you antipyretic medication and consult your doctor best.
Do 24 hours from birth:
The newborn baby is vaccinated against hepatitis B. (WZW type B) and tuberculosis. Tuberculosis vaccine - BCG is given only once in a person's life. Booster doses are not used. In contrast, the hepatitis B vaccine is given in three doses. Only vaccination with all doses gives protection against viral infection of the liver.
6.–8. week of life:
During this time, we vaccinate children with the second dose of the hepatitis B vaccine. The baby will also be injected with the DPT vaccine - one vaccine contains substances that immunize against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough (first dose) and against Haemophilus influenzae type b (first dose).
3.–4. month of life:
We vaccinate the child with the second dose of DTP and HiB vaccine (against Haemophilus influenzae type b) and we give the first dose of the vaccine against Poliomyelitis.
5.–6. month of life:
Injections of consecutive doses of DTP vaccines, HiB i Poliomyelitis.
7. month of life:
Third dose of hepatitis B vaccine.
Po 7. vaccines are not administered until about the 13th-14th month. month of life (early childhood period), and then continue at various intervals, to 19. age.
Recommended vaccinations include infants above:
6. week of life:
Vaccination against rotavirus diarrhea (in oral form). It does not completely protect against the occurrence of rotavirus diarrhea, but it alleviates its symptoms and prevents its severe course.
2. month of life:
Vaccination against Neisseria meningitidis type C infections (injection by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection). This bacteria can cause severe disease, life-threatening meningitis. When the baby is done 2. month of life, they can also be vaccinated against Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, causing pneumonia, as well as meningitis.
9. month of life:
Babies can be vaccinated against chickenpox, if you haven't got it yet (the vaccine is given by injection under the skin or into the muscle