Vitamin D for babies – baby nutrition
It is necessary for the proper development of a baby: strengthens teeth and bones, and its deficiency can cause rickets. It also has a positive effect on the nervous system, skin and immunity.
Mother's milk contains very little vitamin D., because from the first days of life, we give it in drops, if your toddler is exclusively breastfed. Babies who are healthy and born on time need a day 400 vitamin D units. Premature babies may need up to twice as much. The final dose for each child is determined individually by the pediatrician.
Infants fed formula milk nie muszą dodatkowo otrzymywać witaminy D, if they are fed milk enriched with this vitamin, and the amount of consumed milk fully covers the child's daily requirement for vitamin D.. Pediatrician, knowing, with what weight was the baby born and how does it gain weight, as well as the amount of milk mixture he drinks, can calculate, does the toddler need an additional supply of vitamin D..
If the infant is fed in a mixed manner, i.e.. except the breast – e.g.. while mom is away – the toddler also gets formula milk or porridges enriched with vitamin D, it is recommended that, for the pediatrician to arrange individually, whether the amount of milk consumed provides the required daily dose of vitamin D.
Knowledge about vitamin D continues to grow. It was once believed, that it should only be given to infants who are breastfed during their first year of life, and its deficiencies are prevented, going for a walk with the baby every day. Contact of the skin with the sun's rays makes it, that our body begins to produce vitamin D.. It is known, however, that simply enjoying the sun in our climate is not enough, and the diet of young children, as well as teenagers, is usually poor in vitamin D..
The body needs vitamin D in the period of intensive growth, to store adequate amounts of calcium to strengthen the bones. Because calcium is absorbed slowly, supply of vitamin D should be maintained in children over 1 year. Especially in the autumn and winter period, it should also be given to older children.
Vitamin D deficiency is more common in premature babies, twins, and also babies, who grow very quickly or are fed milk not enriched with vitamin D3 and do not receive this vitamin in drops.
Is not truth, that the rapid growth of fontanel is indicative of rickets and requires a reduction in vitamin D in the child. A single symptom does not prejudge this, whether the baby really has rickets. In case of any doubts, it is necessary to perform tests to assess the body's calcium and phosphate balance.
One drop - depending on the preparation - may contain from 400 do 600 vitamin D units. Therefore, each change of the preparation should be consulted with a pediatrician, to help determine the correct dose.
Vitamin D is best administered directly into the baby's mouth.
Both deficiency can be detrimental to health, as well as an overdose of vitamin D.. Therefore, you should never decide on your own to increase the recommended daily amount of vitamin D. The use of prophylactic preparations helps to avoid overdosing, which have strictly measured dosages, in line with the recommendations of experts - 400 units.