Infant development – symptoms of a lack of vitamin K
It plays an important role in the blood clotting process, and its deficiency increases the risk of neonatal bleeding.
In the first days of a newborn's life, navel bleeding may appear, from the digestive tract, mucous membranes, and even bleeding into the central nervous system.
To prevent them, all healthy, newborns are given vitamin K while still in hospital (usually 0,5 mg intramuscularly).
As recommended, The administration of vitamin K should be continued at home from 8. day of life to the end 3. month of the baby's life, thus preventing possible late bleeding from vitamin K deficiency. This applies to newborns and infants who are breastfed. Breast milk contains only small amounts of vitamin K.. The recommended dose is 25 µg per day.
Formula milk contains a sufficient amount of the vitamin, therefore, when the toddler is fed the formula from birth, he does not need to additionally take vitamin K in drops.
Toddlers mixed-fed, i.e.. both with mother's milk, and with modified milk, an additional dose of vitamin K is determined after consultation with the pediatrician.
Vitamin K can be administered simultaneously with vitamin D..